SAMPLE_ID: HS431.1B, HS431.2B, HS431.3B, HS431.4B
MINERAL: Chalcopyrite (Chalcopyrite group)
ORIGINAL_DONOR: Hunt and Salisbury Collection
CURRENT_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory
ULTIMATE_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory
Forms series with Eskebornite.
Spectra for this sample were originally published in: Hunt, G.R., J.W. Salisbury, and C.J. Lenhoff, 1971, Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: IV. Sulfides and sulfates Modern Geology, v. 3, p. 1-14.
With the note: "It exhibits typical opaque behavior, decreasing in reflectivity as its particle size is reduced. It is not, however, spectrally featureless. A fall-off in the reflectivity toward the blue, together with a weak band near 0.9µm, results in the characteristic brass-yellow color of this mineral. Both spectral features are due to iron, which is present in chalcopyrite in the trivalent state (Deer and others, 1962). The copper also makes a contribution to the feature near 0.9µm. This sample is contaminated with approximately 10% pyrrhotite, which has no appreciable effect on the spectrum."
Grain size fractions are indicated by the extension after the sample number:
.1B = <5 µm
.2B = <74 µm
.3B = 74-250 µm
.4B = 250-1200 µm
40 kV - 30 mA, 7.3-9.5 keV
File: chpyr431_mdi, *.out (smear mount on quartz plate)
References: JCPDS #37-471, #5-566; Huebner's reference patterns
Found: Chalcopyrite, minor sphalerite
Comment: Moderately sharp, symmetrical peaks suggest moderate crystallinity and compositional heterogeneity. Sphalerite lattice spacing's consistent with ZnS composition (Fe-poor sphalerite).
J.S. Huebner, J. Pickrell, and T. Schaefer, 1994, written communication.
COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: None # XRF, EPMA, ICP(Trace), WChem
95 vol% chalcopyrite (yellow-gold color)
5 vol% pyrrhotite (slightly magnetic)
Opaque, yellow-gold metallic luster, uneven fracture. G. Swayze.
SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1b2_3_4_ # Chalcopyrite HS431.1B # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns
SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1b2_3_4_ # Chalcopyrite HS431.2B # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns
SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1b2b3c4_ # Chalcopyrite HS431.3B # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns
SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1b2_3_4_ # Chalcopyrite HS431.4B # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns