Crustal Geophysics and Geochemistry Science Center

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Project status is complete. Please check the CGGSC project list for currently active projects.

Research Chemistry Core Support

Project Objectives

The objectives of the Research Chemistry Core Support Project are fivefold:

  • develop new and emerging geoanalytical techniques that the Geologic Discipline will need within the next 5 years,
  • maintain geochemical analysis instrumentation, laboratories, and techniques for use by other projects,
  • provide training and oversight to other scientists in the use of geoanalytical hardware and software,
  • develop new geological standard reference materials that can are used by scientists to calibrate analytical instruments and monitor laboratory performance, and
  • maintain a specialized in-house chemical analysis capability for use in the characterization of new reference materials, and for use with outside funded projects on difficult-to-analyze sample matrices that are beyond the capabilities of the contract laboratory.

Project Chief:

Paul Lamothe Box 25046 MS 964
Denver, CO 80225
(303) 236-1923
plamothe@usgs.gov

Products

Products are listed according to task:

Tasks Title
Task 1 Research and Development of New Analytical Methods
Task 2 Standard Reference Materials
Task 3 Laser Ablation ICP-MS

Task 1 - Research and Development of New Analytical Methods

Posters

  • Crock, J.G., Gough, L.P., Day, Warren, Wanty, Richard, Wang, Bronwen, and Gamble, Bruce, 2001, Regional geoscience baseline studies of the Fortymile and Goodpaster River watersheds, Yukon-Tanana Upland, Alaska: Ninth Conference on analytical Chemistry in Geoscience and the Environment, Polish Geological Institute, Warsaw, Poland, November 7-9, 2001.
  • Crock, J.G., J.H. Bullock, Jr., and P.L. Hageman, 2001, The determination of mercury in environmental samples by complimentary methods at the USGS: Ninth Conference on analytical Chemistry in Geoscience and the Environment, Polish Geological Institute, Warsaw, Poland, November 7-9, 2001.
  • Eppinger, R., Briggs, P.H., Rieffenberger, B. and Van Dorn, C., 2002, Comparing pre- and post- wildfire stream sediment and water geochemistry from drainages impacted by the Clear Creek and Wilderness Complex wildfires of 2000, central Idaho: 2002 Wildland Fire Workshop, Nov. 2002, (poster).

Presentations

  • Crock, J.G. and Lamothe, P.J., 2001, A short review of the current environmental analytical chemistry of As, Sb, Se, Te, and Bi: Ninth Conference on analytical Chemistry in Geoscience and the Environment, Polish Geological Institute, Warsaw, Poland, November 7-9, 2001 (Invited Plenary Lecture).
  • Crock, J.G., Sanzolone, R.F., and Hall, E.M., 2003, Chemical analysis of soils: presented at the USGS/NRC Soil Geochemistry Workshop, March 4-6, 2003, Denver, Colorado.
  • Crock, J.G., Smith, D.B., and Baldwin-Yager, T.J., 2001, Application of municipal biosolids to dry-land wheat fields - A monitoring program at Deer Trail, Colorado (USA): Sixth International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, July 29-August 2, 2001.
  • Gough, L.P., Crock, J.G., Wang, B., Weber-Scannell, P., and Seal, R.R., 2002, Biogeochemistry of Arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) in the Fortymile River Mining District, Alaska [abs.]: 2002 Program and Abstracts, Geol. Soc. Amer., p. 144. View Gough GSA abstract.
  • Gough, L.P., Sanzolone, R.F., Lamothe, P.J., Foster, A.L., Ager, C.M., and Crock, J.G., 2003, Boiaccumulation and mobility of Cd in willows and soils, Alaska--implications for the health of browsing animals; presented at the USGS Health Conference, April, 2003, Reston, Virginia.
  • Lamothe, P.J., 2002, Just how do we get all those numbers - the analytical connection: Sixth International Symposium on the Geochemistry of the Earth's Surface, Honolulu, HI, May 20-24, 2002.
  • Leinz, R., Sutley, S.J., Anthony, M., Desborough, G.A., 2002. The Mineralogical Implications and Character of Amorphous Material in Weathered Mine Wastes [abs.]: EPA-Hardrock Mining 2002, May 7-9, 2002.
  • Mueller, S.H., Goldfarb, R.J., Farmer, G.L., Sanzolone, R.F., Adams, M., and Theodorakus, P., 2001, A seasonal study of arsenic and groundwater geochemistry: Fairbanks, Alaska: USGS Workshop on Arsenic in the Environment, February 21 and 22, Denver, Colorado.
  • Mueller, S.H., Verplanck, P.L., Goldfarb, R.J., Nordstrom, D.K., Farmer, G.L., Sanzolone, R.F., Youcha, E.K., Lilly, M., Roller, M., and Jeffress, W., 2002, A Multifaceted Geochemical Approach for Understanding Elevated Arsenic Concentrations in Groundwater Near Ester and Fairbanks, Alaska.
  • Smith, K.S., Briggs, P., Campbell, D., Desborough, G., Eppinger, R., Hageman, P., Leinz, R., Meeker, G., Sutley, S., Swayze, G., Tuttle, M., Wilson, S., A Multidisciplinary Approach to Screening and Characterizing Weathered Metal-Mining Waste Piles [abs.]: Hardrock Mining May 2002.
  • Tuttle, M.L.W., Briggs, P.H., and Berry, C.J., 2003, A method to separate phases of sulfur in mine-waste and natural alteration zones, and to use sulfur isotopic compositions to investigate release of metals and acidity to the environment: 6th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, July 12-18, 2003, 5 p.
  • Wang, Bronwen, Gough, L.P., Crock, J.G., and Day, W.C., 2001, Biogeochemistry of As and Cd in aeolian Sub-Artic soils, Yukon-Tanana Uplands, Alaska: Sixth International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, July 29 - August 2, 2001.
  • Wang, B., Crock, J.G., Seal, R., Taggart, S., Mondragon, J., Andrews, A., and Nielsen, J., 2004, Evaluation of using signatures in Tanner crabs as natural fingerprints to aid in determining Tanner crab movement in Glacier Bay National Park, Alaska: Glacier Bay Science Symposium, Oct. 6 28, 2004, Juneau, Alaska.

Reports

  • Crock, J.G. and Lamothe, P.J., 2001, Current environmental analytical chemistry of As, Sb, Se, Te, and Bi: Przedglad Geologiczny, vol. 49, num. 10/2, pp. 944-946.
  • Gough, L.P., Sanzolone, R.F., Crock, J.G., Foster, A.L., Lamothe, P.J., Ager, C.M., and Gent, C.A., 2002, Biogeochemical and biochemical pathway investigations of cadmium in subarctic ecosystems using a cadmium accumulator species (willow), in, Balistrieri, L.S. and Stillings, L.L., eds., Pathways of metal transfer from mineralized sources to bioreceptors: a synthesis of the Mineral Resources Program's past environmental studies in the western United States and future research directions: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2191, Chap. 4, p. 1-11. View Bulletin 2191.
  • Gray, J.E., Crock, J.G., and Fey, D.L., 2002, Environmental geochemistry of abandoned mercury mines in West-Central Nevada, USA: Applied Geochemistry: vol. 17, pp. 1069-1079.
  • Hammarstrom, J. M., Eppinger, R.G. Van Gosen, B.S. Briggs, P.H., and. Meier, A.L, 2002, Case study of the environmental signature of a recently abandoned, carbonate-hosted replacement deposit: The Clayton Mine, Idaho U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-10, 44p. View OFR 02-10.
  • Johnson, C.A., Leinz, R.W., Grimes, D.J., Rye, R.O., 2002, Photochemical Changes in Cyanide Speciation in Drainage from a Precious Metal Ore Heap: Environ. Sci. Technol., 36, p. 840-845.
  • Leinz, R.W., Sutley, S.J., Desborough, G.A., Briggs, P.H., Fey, D.L., Anthony, M.W., Adams, M.G., 2002, Data from the Sequential Extraction of Mine Waste Composite Samples from Colorado and New Mexico with Results of Mineralogical Analysis: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-133, 32 p.
  • Miller, W.R., Sanzolone, R.F., Lamothe, P.J., and Ziegler, T.L., 2002, Chemical analyses of soils, soil leaches, rocks, and stream sediments from Guam and the Western United States and sample location maps of Guam: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File-Report 02-399. View OFR 02-0399.
  • Miller, W.R., Sanzolone, R.F., and Lamothe, P.J., 2003, Chemical analysis of soils and rocks from two high elevation study areas in Colorado; USGS Open-File-Report 03-106. View OFR 03-106.
  • Miller, W.R., and Sanzolone, R.F., 2002, Investigations of the possible connection of rock and soil geochemistry to the occurrence of high rates of Neurodegenerative diseases on Guam and a hypothesis for the cause of the diseases: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File-Report 02-475. Report is superseded by USGS OFR 03-126.
  • Mueller, S.H., Goldfarb, R.J., Farmer, G.L., Sanzolone, R., Adams, M., Theodorakos, P.M., Richmond, S.A., and McCleskey, R.B., 2002, Trace, Minor and Major Element Data for Ground Water Near Fairbanks, Alaska, 1999-2000: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-0090. View OFR 02-0090.
  • Mueller, S.H., Goldfarb, R.J., Sanzolone, R.F., Adams, M., and Farmer, G.L., 2001, A seasonal study of arsenic and groundwater geochemistry: Fairbanks, Alaska; in Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21st Century, Piestrzynski, et al, eds., Sewts and Zeitlinger B.V., Lisse, Netherlands, p. 1043-1047.
  • Reheis, M.C., Budahn, J.R., and Lamothe, P.J., 2002, Geochemical evidence for diversity of dust sources in the southwestern United States: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 66, pp. 1569-1587.
  • Taggart, J.E., Jr., 2002, Analytical methods for chemical analysis of geologic and other materials, U.S. Geological Survey: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-0223. View OFR 02-0223.
  • Wanty, R.B., Shanks, W.C. III, Lamothe, P., Meier, A., Briggs, P.H., Berger, B.R., 2001, Results of Chemical and Stable Isotopic Analyses of Water Samples Collected in the Patagonia Mountains, Southern Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 01-463, 19 p. View OFR 01-0463.

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Task 2 - Standard Reference Materials

Reports

  • Wilson, S.A., Briggs, P.H., Brown, Z.A. and Taggart, J.E., 2002, Chemical characterization of NIST cement reference materials SRM 1880a, SRM 1881a, SRM 1886a, SRM 1888a, and SRM 1889a: U.S. Geological Survey Open- File Report 02-432.
  • Wilson, S.A., Ridley, W.I., and Koenig, A.E., 2002, Development of sulfide calibration standards for the laser ablation inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry technique: Jour. Anal. At. Spectrom., 17(4), pp. 406-409.

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Task 3 - Laser Ablation ICP-MS

Posters

  • Ridley, W.I., Lamothe, P.J., and Koenig, A.E., 2002, Understanding Earth Systems Through Studies of Geochemical Microcosms: Examples Using the Laser Ablation Trace Element Microprobe: GES-6 Sixth International Symposium on the Geochemistry of the Earth's Surface, Honolulu, HI, May 20-24, 2002.

Presentations

  • Ridley, W.I., 2002, The USGS standards program for laser ablation analysis: European Laser Ablation Workshop.

Reports

  • Wilson, S.A., Ridley, W.I., and Koenig, A.E., 2002, Development of sulfide calibration standards for the laser ablation inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry technique: Jour. Anal. At. Spectrom., 17(4), pp. 406-409.

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